The XX Factor

The XX Factor[Reading] ➭ The XX Factor ➵ Alison Wolf – For most of history being female defined the limits of a woman's achievements But now women are successful careerists eual to men In Norway women legally must constitute a third of all boards; in Amer For most of history being female defined the limits of a woman's achievements But now women are successful careerists eual to men In Norway women legally must constitute a third of all boards; in America women have gone from % of practising lawyers in to % today and over half of all law students These changes are revolutionary but not universal the 'sisterhood' of working women is deeply divided The XX MOBI :¼ Making enormous strides in the workplace are young educated full time professionals who have put children on hold But for a second group of women this is unattainable instead they work part time earn less are concentrated in heavily feminised occupations like cleaning and gain income and self worth from having children young As these two groups move ever further apart shared gender no longer automatically creates interests in common with other women The XX Factor lifts the curtain on these social cultural and economic schisms. Wolf's report which is empirically grounded challenges a lot of assumptions that we all make about women today Among other things she reports that men and women are treated or less eually in the workplace once one is comparing like for like and that there is no second shift for women in fact men and women now put in roughly the same average number of total ie home plus outside working hours She also reports that it is the graduate educated professionals with the longest average working hours of employment who record the most time with their children The supposed opt out of women in 2000 much discussed in recent media she seems also to argue never happened; it was just a recession Her book is grounded in piles of data over decades in the major western and some non western countries and the data are surprising I would say the book is worth reading for chapter 4 second shift alone And anyone on the fence about the value of university education or precisely the need for it should read chapter 5 Depressing as shit about the elite being critical and everything else being an utter wash Ultimately the information about the gap between elite women and other women is the most helpful and interesting and confirmed my own experience It was a pleasure to read something in this space that is grounded in and presents hard data rather than hand waving I received a copy of The XX Factor from Goodreads' giveaway program I was excited to receive this book because I am interesting in women's roles in society and the impact of those choices on women's advancement The word that keeps coming to my mind to describe this book is overwhelming The book contained an overwhelming amount of statistical information and it became too much to read As a result the reading of this book was not enjoyable The author obviously did an immense amount of research before writing this but I felt that the statistics took over the main points the author tried to make Additionally Wolf stacked that information so close together that I barely digested the information from one sentence before she bounced to a new topic in the next sentence where she provided even facts Although the book was separated into chapters and even had subheadings there was no easy way to discern what was being discussed from page to page Wolf focused on individuals to illustrate her points but the amount of time she discussed these women was too short to allow me to connect with them or truly understand their situationsThere were several parts of the book that I identified and agreed with such as men's limited assistance with household duties even when the wife is also working But topics such as these were addressed so uickly there just wasn't time to fully take in the scope of what Wolf was saying As far as content this book deserves 5 stars But the writing style didn't make the information accessible or interesting to a large audience and for that reason I rated it with 3 stars This book was so boring It was written like someone's thesis that they tried to turn into a book All 250 pages were written to tell about data and there were 5 pages of conclusion at the end Aside from being written poorly I couldn't stand a few things about the author's tone She was so derogatory to women who don't have higher education and don't make a lot of money So much so that she used the term elite over and over for the women she talked about in the book who earned a lot of money and worked in prestigious full time jobs Get over yourself You are not better than someone else because you have attended college and make money than the next woman Another thing that irritated me is this author comes across as someone who is a working mother who is trying to justify her choice to work full time I am all for supporting however a woman chooses to participate in her own family I just can't stand it when judgment is passed when others don't make your same decisionThe last obnoxious element of this book that I will mention is the author acts like it is preposterous and extremely ignorant for an educated woman to actually choose not to work She can't imagine a woman actually wanting to spend her days volunteering cooking meals for her family and being available for her children when they get home from school Can you even imagine a society where this happens??Okay stepping off my soapbox By Christopher SwannIneuality is the dark side of leaning in Sheryl Sandberg Facebook’s chief operating officer used “Lean In” as the title of her book about how women should be assertive Alison Wolf shows in “The XX Factor” that elite females are already catching up with male peers Wolf a professor of public sector management at King’s College London shows gains at the top have only been possible because of a revival of a distinctly non elite occupation the “female servant” The result is a rising income gap among womenSandberg laments that women account for less than a tenth of America’s best paid executives Wolf gives alpha females encouragement Women make up half of the top 2 percent of US earners The pay of female physicians and surgeons in the United States has climbed about 50 percent faster than that of their male peers over the past decade The salaries of the small cadre of female chief executives have also climbed faster Women get a bigger salary boost from higher education than menSuch strides are long overdue Wolf argues in her fascinating new book The narrowing gender gap however has exacerbated income ineuality between social classes Elite women depend for their newfound freedom on a growing underclass of modern servants providing childcare and performing other domestic chores About 97 percent of childcare workers are women according to the Carsey Institute at the University of New Hampshire The salaries of such workers have been falling even further behind Females are twice as likely as men to be earning the minimum wage America’s Congressional Research Service now reckons As a result the much discussed surge in ineuality is even pronounced among womenOf course this would not be boosting overall income ineuality if women were merely substituting men in the workplace Instead high powered women usually want alpha fathers for their children Only about 35 percent of American families have stay at home dads according to Census Bureau figures Even many of these men do not seem to be the main caregivers and are only at home because they can’t find workIn effect desirable gender euality supports undesirable social ineuality The privileged save and invest the rest of the population scrounge and borrow The social hierarchy is becoming rigid as highly successful women use their economic and social resources to ease their children’s path to the topWolf points out that there’s no easy way out of this trap Better educated women could not gain ground on men without some sort of female underclass In the United States the support staff is mostly immigrants from developing nationsStill Wolf argues ineuality between women can be tempered Fairer access to education won’t on its own reduce the uantity of women in low paying jobs But it would give low income girls a better chance of breaking out of relative poverty A privileged upbringing should not be the dominant factor determining which people – women and men – occupy the top jobs Higher tax rates on higher earners would also make it possible to provide better welfare services to women stuck in low paid workAn increasing number of women can have it all Sadly as Wolf convincingly argues it seems that society as a whole cannot Alison Wolf traces the journey women have taken from the kitchen the the classrooms courtrooms and beyond Though laden with statistics and history this doesn't bring on yawns instead it makes you consider your place in the great machine of progress and wonder at the lives of the brave ladies who came before you and importantly consider the implications for the futureFrom start to finish Wolf uses Jane Austen as an example of the progress women have made admittedly she focuses on the West but does make an effort to include other regions of the world We've moved from the limits of the house to the almost limitless world men have been inhabiting I think the main point of her research is to show that though the pay and number may not be eual YET we are getting there when it comes to gender Through her multitude of examples it became easy to see that there is also a major paradigm shift when it comes to how recent generations view euality in that the younger ladies tend to have a limitless view rather than focusing on one campaignThough the book covers some heavy often complex topics education discrimination childcare self care politics economics social constructs etc I have to say the fantastic transitions and segues speak to the solid writing skills of the author This book throws information at you and not in a way that makes you cringe and have flashbacks of college lecture halls but instead resembles an engaging conversation between pals that can't wait to share all they knowWolf flits between statistics explaining why Hilary lost the primary why domestic service has grown how charities have been negatively affected by working women and how successful child rearing is based so much on a mother's priorities and career path It's not a light read but I highly recommend for anyone interested in the history and growth of women getting an education and making their own way in the world regardless of what society dictates This was an extremely interesting well researched and well written book about the growing difference among women The argument is no longer euality between men and women in the professional world but rather the disappearing sisterhood As a graduate school educated professional in my early thirties it was fascinating and reassuring to hear that my situation is not odd or uniue I have chosen career over children yet I am happily married Children are still part of the plan I just chose not to have them young Of course there will always be the exceptionsthe women who still find a way to put 2 hour meals from scratch on the table those that spend care giving time with their children but the point of this book was to share the statistical data obtained from the industrialized world Frankly the information presented wasn't shocking or newtake a look at your own life and those of the women around you and you already knew these differences existed I think this was an interesting book but it mostly confirmed discussions I have been having with my husband for years I think this is a book for both men and women who are interested in learning about how society looks I agree that my life choices resemble those of a male peer and I am okay with that I don't feel that I am owed anything different as a female but I am happy to except that my decisions will dictate my path and no one needs to make adjustments for me High praise to the author for putting together an interesting and fascinating read The rich are differentThat's the thought that I came away from after reading The XX Factor Wolf's portrai of the changed lives of the women at the top of the socio economic heap is fascinating and rigorously backed up the appendix full or stats is very long I appreciate that Wolf is very upfront about the fact that her book is about those top 20% of women the other 80% are presented mostly for comparison but I am ravenous for the same rigorous analysis of the experience gap in between lowermiddle income women and the high earners Dense heavily researched global in scope than anticipated yet highly informative and readable albeit over a few weeks for me so as to digest it all better review of current familyworkfinancial issues I highly recommend itDespite the name of the book it has practically nil to do with genetic traits A well researched thorough book I would recommend this to my colleagues but also to young women in high school It's a raw truthful look at the risks highlights and many rewards of following a professional educational and career track Enjoyed reading this book Long awaited one of the books This is a wonderful book on what the challenges are for women who practice leadership as CEOs or senior executives And how different women have different issues and how to bring those issues up on the table and solve crucial problems that women face Rather than waiting for someone let's begin from within❤📚📖📈👩‍💼👩‍💼👩‍⚖👩‍🏫Unfortunately there is one point I did not like And that is Bangladesh being considered as a poor nation to which women are still new to education I dont agree with this And it sometimes get too much into details And the last line was beautifulcatchy and rememberable If the future is anything remotely like our contemporary world none will And that certainly is progress