Enemy on the Euphrates

Enemy on the Euphrates☉ [PDF / Epub] ☆ Enemy on the Euphrates By Ian Rutledge ❤ – Oaklandjobs.co.uk Between July 1920 and February 1921 in the territory known as Mesopotamia now the modern state of Ira an Arab uprising came perilously close to inflicting a shattering defeat upon the British Empire A Between July and February in the territory known as Mesopotamia now the modern state of Ira an Arab uprising came perilously close to inflicting a shattering defeat upon the British Empire A huge peasant army surrounded and besieged British garrisons with sand bagged entrenchments; British columns and armoured trains were ambushed and destroyed; and well armed British gunboats were sunk or capturedThe uest for oil was central to Britain's Middle East policy during the First World War and was one of the principal reasons for its continuing occupation of Ira Enemy on PDF \ However with around Arabs in arms at one stage of the conflict the British were very nearly driven out Only a massive infusion of Indian troops and the widespread use of aircraft prevented a total rout Enemy on the Euphrates is the definitive account of the first British occupation of Ira and the revolt against it in Using a wealth of primary sources Ian Rutledge brings central players such as Winston Churchill Arnold Wilson TE Lawrence Gertrude Bell and Sir Mark Sykes vividly to life in this gripping account. I chanced upon mention of this book while I was reading an article by Robert Fisk in The Independent discussing the situation in Syria and Ira in early June 2014Fisk observed Rutledge has researched Britain’s concern about Shia power in southern Ira – where Basra’s oil lies – material with acute relevance to the crisis now tearing Ira to piecesAs the activities of ISIS have escalated and their rule has spread throughout Syria and Ira a thorough understanding of the background to the situation in the region sheds vital light on current eventsRutledge's book provides an excellent history of the region in the aftermath of the Sykes Picot agreement at two levels first of all he gives a thorough narrative of the causes and the course of the Arab Revolt against the British rule in Ira in 1920 As he points out Indeed the insurrection in Ira of 1920 measured in enemy combatant numbers was the most serious armed uprising against British rule in the twentieth century At the height of the rebellion the British estimated that around 131000 Arabs were in arms against themSecondly he provides a great deal of detail about the patchwork of tribal and religious groupings and loyalties that covered the region at the time many of which persist to this day He spends considerable effort explaining the motivations and aims of the insurrection and makes it clear that it was well organized and well led and its successes were a deep cause of embarrassment to Britain the world superpower of the dayRutledge's style is accessible and incisive without ever stooping to sensationalism His grasp and analysis of the complexities of the situation is excellent I would recommend this book for anyone interested in the Middle East or simply in the limits and dangers of applying overwhelming military power to situations that call for a political solution The Empire expandsIn many ways the book is shocking It shows the arrogance and plain cruelty of the British elite in pursuing territorial gain using military methods that were common in Medieval times That involved ‘creating ‘scorched earth’ whereby whole villages were burnt down their inhabitants including women and children killed together with their livestock while crops were burnt In order to take control of Ira the British carried out those same policies only using modern euipment and in particular airplanes that could unopposed bomb villages and tribesman There was complete disregard of innocent lives being wasted Officers had a# much sympathy for the Natives as the SS had for Poles or Russians in WW2 and like them some Commanders literally revelled in the success of what they were doing At first the war was aimed at the Turks but once the World War finished the Government had realised that the enormous oil deposits near Mosul were worth hanging on to damn the offer to Arabs of Independence if they helped defeat the Turks The result was the Rebellion of 1920 1 which was viciously suppressed just as the French were doing in Syria their own prize for winning the war No surprise that when the British again occupied Basra in 2003 onwards the local feeling against them was so strong; 1921 was still remembered and they were shifted by the Americans to Afghanistan The age old tactic of ‘burn and destroy’ still continues in places like Afghanistan where troops arrive at night in remote villages by helicopter and create mayhem that includes shooting young men and boys indiscriminately then flying off It’s designed to show them who is Boss but there’s little doubt the troops on the ground enjoy it knowing the State will always protect them against accusations of war crimes They no longer call it ‘Punitive’ action designed to punish rebellious indigenous but the result is the same The Ira war of 1914 21 is not well known in Britain and rarely if ever appears on a School curriculum and those involved are still awarded medals and honours just as they have always done This is a measured and detailed account that avoids comment but it doesn’t have to Nothing much changes in the UK I must confess to having read this book in errorI bought it unseen to further my knowledge about the First World War Mesopotamian campaign It does cover it but only in passing Instead it tells an eually compelling story; one of British military and diplomatic bungling and duplicity in modern day Ira As an example of how not to win the hearts and minds of host communities it would be hard to beat and all in the uest for oilfelds that never returned on their early potential Read it and weep Ira's struggle for independenceThe modern revisions of history shed new light on those orthodox and usually whitewashed texts included in the general curricula Truth is difficult to pin down when only personal or political 'acceptable' viewpoints are available Rutledge has used many sources and written a believable account of this mainly ignored period in Irai history Very readable interesting and enlightening Rutledge can be very proud of his creation A good survey that contextualizes events in the Near East and British Arab relations from the beginning of the 20th century to the end of the First World War This book prides itself on being the definitive account of the Irai uprising and from what I've seen it does a good job of presenting an eual and neutral account of the events It does not appear to judge any side harsher than the other nor does it allow any side to get off easy So far so good and I recommend it to anyone who would like a better understanding of these events but it must also be said that it is clear that the writer is far comfortable writing for academia than for the average layman All the relevant facts are there but are presented in such a dry style that I sometimes found my eyes glazing over as I read Exact numbers are certainly relevant to know but at times it felt as though entire chapters were nothing than a list of troop numbers and regimental names or the names of sheiks and their tribal affiliation Again important stuff but it's easy to be overwhelmed by the sheer mass of numbers and names By the time I reached the end of the book I still wasn't sure I could keep track of all the sheiks and rebel leaders on the Irai side As the blurb on the back of the book says It is the definitive account of the most serious uprising against British rule in the 20th centuryGreat book that brings multiple sources and accounts to a mostly forgotten part of WW1The race for oil was onthis I knew But the haphazzard an dysfunctional way the race was undertaken by the British is eye openingThe flight within the British Governmentwell the India office and Middle East 'department'cost thousands of lives needlesslyThat said they were in a part of the world of which they knew little though they couldparaphrase their colonial 'expertise' and didn't listen to the one woman who actuallyknew the area the most Gertrude BellMy favourite area of the world all the key players and my hero GertrudeMind you the book has caused me to take pause and rethink about GertrudeWhile I am not that happy about this I am determined to find out Nothing like finding out your hero is something like a human KOBOBOOKS

Enemy on the Euphrates PDF/EPUB Æ Enemy on  PDF \
  • Hardcover
  • 471 pages
  • Enemy on the Euphrates
  • Ian Rutledge
  • English
  • 01 April 2015
  • 9780863567629